Rage Against the Machine (zkráceně RATM nebo Rage) je americká crossoverová skupina, která vznikla v létě 1991, když se v Los Angeles setkali dva velcí odpůrci rasismu Zack de la Rocha a Tom Morello. Kapela je známá svými revolučně levicovými texty. Rage Against the Machine (Hněv proti stroji) – strojem může být myšlen systém (mašinérie). Do skupiny ještě přišel Zackův přítel Tim Commerford a na inzerát sehnaný Brad Wilk, který byl v té době "bubenická nula", ovšem časem se zlepšil. Zackův politický rap působil na davy. Morello je se svým stylem hraní na kytaru považován za nástupce Jimiho Hendrixe. Při hraní nepoužívají žádné samplery či syntetizéry.

17. října 1999 se RATM rozpadli. Zbytek RATM založil s Chrisem Cornellem ze Soundgarden The Civilian, ale po problémech s ukradením desky se po půlroce sešli v Audioslave. A Zack de la Rocha se vrhl na svůj sólový projekt. V roce 2007 obnovili svou činnost, o rok později se objevili coby hlavní hvězdy velkých festivalů (Rock am Ring, Rock im Park, Reading a Leeds). Koncerty RATM jsou jedny z nejvyhledávanějších a nejatmosferičtějších koncertů metalové scény a jsou považovány za skutečnou raritu.[zdroj?]

History

1991–1992: Early years

In 1991, guitarist Tom Morello left his band, Lock Up, looking to start another band. He was in a club in LA where Zack de la Rocha was freestyle rapping. Morello was impressed, people said, by de la Rocha's lyric books, and asked him to be a rapper in a band. Morello drafted drummer Brad Wilk of Greta, who had previously auditioned for Lock Up, while de la Rocha convinced his childhood friend Tim Commerford to join as bassist. The newly christened Rage Against the Machine named themselves after a song de la Rocha had written for his former popular underground hardcore punk band, Inside Out (also to be the title of the unrecorded Inside Out full-length album).[6] Kent McClard, with whom Inside Out were associated, had coined the phrase "rage against the machine" in a 1989 article in his zine No Answers.[7]

Shortly after forming, they gave their first public performance in Orange County, California, where a friend of Commerford's was holding a house party. The blueprint for the group's major-label debut album, demo tape Rage Against the Machine, was laid on a twelve-song self-released cassette, the cover image of which was the stock market with a triple match taped to the inlay card. Not all 12 songs made it onto the final album—two were eventually included as B-sides, while three others never saw an official release.[8] Several record labels expressed interest, and the band eventually signed with Epic Records. Morello said, "Epic agreed to everything we asked—and they've followed through.... We never saw a[n] [ideological] conflict as long as we maintained creative control."[9]

 

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